State practice in the observance of environmental norms in implementing disarmament and arms control regimes

State practice in the observance of environmental norms in implementing disarmament and arms control regimes

Through reports submitted to the UN, Laurence Menhinick reviews state practice on the disposal and destruction of military materials and considers how well they reflect established environmental norms and the extent to which the environmental and health risks from military materials are recognised. The UN General Assembly resolution ‘Observance of environmental norms in the drafting and implementation of agreements on disarmament and arms control’ was first introduced by Colombia, on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement in 1995. Originally inspired by two conventions that were already in force –the chemical and […]

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Report: Pollution Politics – power, accountability and toxic remnants of war

Report: Pollution Politics – power, accountability and toxic remnants of war

In the first of two major reports, Aneaka Kellay examines how the weakness of current international humanitarian law allows the generation of conflict pollution that can impact both civilian health and the environment for long after the cessation of hostilities. The report argues that a new mechanism is needed to prevent and remedy environmental damage, to increase accountability and improve post-conflict response and assistance.  The executive summary and recommendations are presented below, and the full text can be downloaded from here. Executive summary and recommendations Introduction Humanity’s dependency on the […]

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Assessing the toxic legacy of First World War battlefields

Assessing the toxic legacy of First World War battlefields

With the passing of the 99th anniversary of the start of World War One in July, Andy Garrity considers the  substantial environmental legacy in several WWI (1914-1918) battlefields a century since the guns fell silent. Soil and marine sediment contamination has been caused by unexploded ordinance (UXO) and other warfare remnants, in addition to the incorrect disposal of the vast stockpiles that remained after the end of the war. “Sustained and intense fighting” left a legacy of environmental contamination WWI is renowned for its high death toll and the stalemate […]

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TRW – Discussion paper – Toxic Harm: Humanitarian and Environmental Concerns From Military Origin Contamination by Dr Mohamed Ghalaieny

TRW – Discussion paper – Toxic  Harm: Humanitarian and Environmental Concerns From Military Origin Contamination by Dr Mohamed Ghalaieny

This paper is the outcome of research done by the TRW Project into the scope of the problem from military-origin contamination. The paper overviews current health and environmental problems resulting from conflict and military activities before presenting limitations on the study of such problems and discussing existing legal and practical measures for environmental protection. The work also presents a methodology developed to study military-origin contamination in the appendix, this includes examples of problematic substances.

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TRW Legal Workshop – Exploring a legal framework for Toxic Remnants of War – By Prof. Manfred Mohr and Alexander Stöcker

TRW Legal Workshop – Exploring a legal framework for Toxic Remnants of War – By Prof. Manfred Mohr and Alexander Stöcker

This is a report on the outcomes of the workshop on exploring a legal framework for Toxic Remnants of War held at the Free University of Berlin in June 2012 by the TRW Project. Some individual presentations from the workshop are also published on the TRW website. Prof. Manfred Mohr leads the TRW legal project as a specialist in International Criminal, Humanitarian and Disarmament Law. Prof. Mohr also previously served as the Officer for EU affairs with the German Red Cross. He has more than 30 year’s legal experience with The […]

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TRW Legal Workshop – A legal definition and the regulation of toxic remnants of war – by Prof. Manfred Mohr

TRW Legal Workshop – A legal definition and the regulation of toxic remnants of war – by Prof. Manfred Mohr

This presentation on a legal definition and the regulation of toxic remnants of war was part of the TRW workshop exploring a legal framework for toxic remnants of war held at the Free University of Berlin in June 2012. Prof. Manfred Mohr leads the TRW legal project as a specialist in International Criminal, Humanitarian and Disarmament Law. Prof. Mohr also previously served as the Officer for EU affairs with the German Red Cross. He has more than 30 year’s legal experience with The Hague Academy, OSCE and Council of Europe.

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TRW Legal Workshop – Toxic remnants of war and the prohibition to cause excessive collateral damage to the environment – by Dr Robert Heinsch

TRW Legal Workshop – Toxic remnants of war and the prohibition to cause excessive collateral damage to the environment – by Dr Robert Heinsch

This presentation on Toxic Remnants of War and the Prohibition to Cause Excessive Collateral Damage to the Environment was part of the TRW workshop exploring a legal framework for toxic remnants of war held at the Free University of Berlin in June 2012. Dr Robert Heinsch is a lecturer at the Grotius Centre for International Legal Studies of Leiden University. His areas of expertise encompass general public international law, sources of public international law, the law of the use of force, international humanitarian law, and international criminal law.

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TRW Legal Workshop – IHL standards for toxic remnants of war? – by Dr Karen Hulme

TRW Legal Workshop – IHL standards for toxic remnants of war? – by Dr Karen Hulme

This presentation on standards in IHL and their relevance to a TRW approach was part of the workshop on exploring a legal framework for Toxic Remnants of War held at the Free University of  Berlin in June 2012. Dr Karen Hulme is a senior lecturer in the School of Law at the University of Essex with an interest in environmental law and the laws of war.

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TRW Legal Workshop – Defining toxic remnants of war: sources, properties and examples – by Dr Mohamed Ghalaieny

TRW Legal Workshop – Defining toxic remnants of war: sources, properties and examples – by Dr Mohamed Ghalaieny

This presentation on defining examples of TRW, their sources and properties was part of the TRW workshop exploring a legal framework for toxic remnants of war held at the Free University of Berlin in June 2012. Mohamed Ghalaieny is a researcher on TRW Project and holds a doctorate in atmospheric chemistry from the University of Manchester.

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TRW Legal Workshop – Introducing the TRW Project – by Doug Weir

TRW Legal Workshop – Introducing the TRW Project – by Doug Weir

This presentation introducing the TRW concept was part of the TRW workshop exploring a legal framework for toxic remnants of war held at Free University of Berlin in June 2012. Doug Weir is project manager for the TRW Project and coordinator of the International Coalition to Ban Uranium Weapons (ICBUW).

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