TRW – Discussion paper – Toxic Harm: Humanitarian and Environmental Concerns From Military Origin Contamination by Dr Mohamed Ghalaieny

TRW – Discussion paper – Toxic  Harm: Humanitarian and Environmental Concerns From Military Origin Contamination by Dr Mohamed Ghalaieny

This paper is the outcome of research done by the TRW Project into the scope of the problem from military-origin contamination. The paper overviews current health and environmental problems resulting from conflict and military activities before presenting limitations on the study of such problems and discussing existing legal and practical measures for environmental protection. The work also presents a methodology developed to study military-origin contamination in the appendix, this includes examples of problematic substances.

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TRW Legal Workshop – Exploring a legal framework for Toxic Remnants of War – By Prof. Manfred Mohr and Alexander Stöcker

TRW Legal Workshop – Exploring a legal framework for Toxic Remnants of War – By Prof. Manfred Mohr and Alexander Stöcker

This is a report on the outcomes of the workshop on exploring a legal framework for Toxic Remnants of War held at the Free University of Berlin in June 2012 by the TRW Project. Some individual presentations from the workshop are also published on the TRW website. Prof. Manfred Mohr leads the TRW legal project as a specialist in International Criminal, Humanitarian and Disarmament Law. Prof. Mohr also previously served as the Officer for EU affairs with the German Red Cross. He has more than 30 year’s legal experience with The […]

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TRW Legal Workshop – A legal definition and the regulation of toxic remnants of war – by Prof. Manfred Mohr

TRW Legal Workshop – A legal definition and the regulation of toxic remnants of war – by Prof. Manfred Mohr

This presentation on a legal definition and the regulation of toxic remnants of war was part of the TRW workshop exploring a legal framework for toxic remnants of war held at the Free University of Berlin in June 2012. Prof. Manfred Mohr leads the TRW legal project as a specialist in International Criminal, Humanitarian and Disarmament Law. Prof. Mohr also previously served as the Officer for EU affairs with the German Red Cross. He has more than 30 year’s legal experience with The Hague Academy, OSCE and Council of Europe.

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TRW Legal Workshop – Toxic remnants of war and the prohibition to cause excessive collateral damage to the environment – by Dr Robert Heinsch

TRW Legal Workshop – Toxic remnants of war and the prohibition to cause excessive collateral damage to the environment – by Dr Robert Heinsch

This presentation on Toxic Remnants of War and the Prohibition to Cause Excessive Collateral Damage to the Environment was part of the TRW workshop exploring a legal framework for toxic remnants of war held at the Free University of Berlin in June 2012. Dr Robert Heinsch is a lecturer at the Grotius Centre for International Legal Studies of Leiden University. His areas of expertise encompass general public international law, sources of public international law, the law of the use of force, international humanitarian law, and international criminal law.

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TRW Legal Workshop – IHL standards for toxic remnants of war? – by Dr Karen Hulme

TRW Legal Workshop – IHL standards for toxic remnants of war? – by Dr Karen Hulme

This presentation on standards in IHL and their relevance to a TRW approach was part of the workshop on exploring a legal framework for Toxic Remnants of War held at the Free University of  Berlin in June 2012. Dr Karen Hulme is a senior lecturer in the School of Law at the University of Essex with an interest in environmental law and the laws of war.

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TRW Legal Workshop – Defining toxic remnants of war: sources, properties and examples – by Dr Mohamed Ghalaieny

TRW Legal Workshop – Defining toxic remnants of war: sources, properties and examples – by Dr Mohamed Ghalaieny

This presentation on defining examples of TRW, their sources and properties was part of the TRW workshop exploring a legal framework for toxic remnants of war held at the Free University of Berlin in June 2012. Mohamed Ghalaieny is a researcher on TRW Project and holds a doctorate in atmospheric chemistry from the University of Manchester.

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TRW Legal Workshop – Introducing the TRW Project – by Doug Weir

TRW Legal Workshop – Introducing the TRW Project – by Doug Weir

This presentation introducing the TRW concept was part of the TRW workshop exploring a legal framework for toxic remnants of war held at Free University of Berlin in June 2012. Doug Weir is project manager for the TRW Project and coordinator of the International Coalition to Ban Uranium Weapons (ICBUW).

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TRW Legal Workshop – Protection of the environment in and after armed conflict: overview and trends – by Prof. Michael Bothe

TRW Legal Workshop – Protection of the environment in and after armed conflict: overview and trends – by Prof. Michael Bothe

This was the keynote speech at TRW legal workshop on exploring a legal framework for toxic remnants of war held at the Free University of Berlin in June 2012. Prof. Michael Bothe is professor of public law at Goethe University, Frankfurt. He has particular experience, through numerous publications, in international law, humanitarian, environmental and European law and the use of force in international law.

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IRRC- Taking care to protect the environment against damage: a meaningless obligation?

IRRC- Taking care to protect the environment against damage: a meaningless obligation?

In this paper published in the International Review of the Red Cross (IRRC), Hulme examines the principle of upholding environmental value during armed conflict in relation to Additional Protocol 1 articles 33 and 55, and questions the “scope of obligation of care”. She analyses whether this obligation is “worthless” due to the inclusion of a high threshold level of damage in the protocol itself.  The paper concludes by asking if practices of states have neglected these thresholds and if Rule 44 of the Customary Law Study is evidence of this.

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IRRC-Law-making at the intersection of international environmental, humanitarian, and criminal law: the issue of damage to the environment in international armed conflict

IRRC-Law-making at the intersection of international environmental, humanitarian, and criminal law: the issue of damage to the environment in international armed conflict

This International Review of the Red Cross (IRRC) review paper pursues the complex relationship between two strands of general international law: environmental law and international humanitarian law that have not previously been explored. The paper initially examines the development of both international law strands and then discusses the amalgamation of expertise and institutional strengths from the different strands, to create cross sectional legislation. It concludes by discussing the methods of evaluating the effectiveness of such legislation that crosses the boundaries of these two different strands of law.  

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