A UNEP report on the state of the environment in the Former Yugoslav Republics before and after the 1999 Kosovo conflict. Attention is drawn to the environmental impact of large releases of toxic chemicals (e.g. dioxins) and heavy metals (e.g. mercury) from the bombardment of industrial sites in Pancevo, Kragujevac, Novi Sad and Bor, an issue with particular relevance to the TRW project. A main finding of the Balkan Task Force (BTF) preparing the report was the hot spots of pollution in the areas surrounding the industrial sites above and the necessity of a cleanup operation.