A variety of smokes and obscurants have been developed and used to screen armed forces from view, signal friendly forces, and mark positions. Smokes are produced by burning or vaporizing particular products.
Following concerns over exposure during training, the Office of the Army Surgeon General requested that the US National Research Council (NRC) review data on the toxicity of smokes and obscurants and recommend exposure guidance levels. Volume 1 evaluates data on the toxicity of four obscurant smokes: fog oil, diesel fuel, red phosphorus, and hexachloroethane. Toxicity data and exposure guidance levels for other smokes and obscurants are presented in subsequent volumes.
|1 – Introduction||11-25||(skim)|
|2 – Diesel-Fuel Smoke||26-59||(skim)|
|3 – Fog-Oil Smoke||60-97||(skim)|
|4 – Red Phosphorous Smoke||98-126||(skim)|
|5 – Hexachloroethane Smoke||127-160||(skim)|