US National Research Council – Toxicity of Military Smokes and Obscurants, Volume 3

Posted by on Apr 5, 2012 in Explore, Materials | No Comments
US National Research Council – Toxicity of Military Smokes and Obscurants, Volume 3

A variety of smokes and obscurants have been developed and used to screen armed forces from view, signal friendly forces, and mark positions. Smokes are produced by burning or vaporizing particular products.

Following concerns over exposure during training, the Office of the Army Surgeon General requested that the US National Research Council (NRC) review data on the toxicity of smokes and obscurants and recommend exposure guidance levels. Volume 3 evaluates data on the toxicity of seven colored smokes used for signaling, marking, and, in some cases, simulating exposure to chemical-warfare agents in military training.

Toxicity data and exposure guidance levels for eight obscuring smokes were addressed in previous volumes: diesel fuel, fog oil, red phosphorus, and hexachloroethane were presented in Volume 1; white phosphorus, brass, titanium dioxide, and graphite were presented in Volume 2.

 

Summary 1-8 (skim)
1 Introduction 9-20 (skim)
2 Old Smoke Formulations 21-35 (skim)
3 New Smoke Formulations 36-49 (skim)
Appendix A: Benzanthrone 50-54 (skim)
Appendix B: Vat Yellow 4 55-57 (skim)
Appendix C: Solvent Yellow 33 58-70 (skim)
Appendix D: Solvent Green 3 71-73 (skim)
Appendix E: Solvent Red 1 74-78 (skim)
Appendix F: Disperse Red 9 79-82 (skim)
Appendix G: Disperse Red 11 83-87 (skim)
Appendix H: 1, 4-Diamino-2, 3-Dihydroanthraquinone 88-89 (skim)
Appendix I: 1,4-Diaminoanthraquinone 90-91 (skim)

 

Source: National Academies Press

 

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